SPRING GROVE HOSPITAL

The Spring Grove State Hospital Center is the nation’s second oldest psychiatric hospital. What started out in 1797 as a single hospital building has transformed now into a vast complex of buildings with various functions. Located in the center of the active campus is a building which was once known as the “Foster-Wade” building. Originally entitled the “Psychopathic Building,” it was built in 1914 with federal funding to treat psychiatrically ill World War I serviceman. The World War I patients were treated there until 1925 when they were transferred to a newly built veteran's hospital in Perry Point, MD. It was at this point that the federal government transferred use of the building to the Spring Grove State Hospital. Mentally ill patients were treated there until 1979 when the building was closed down.